The Iberian Peninsula forms a distinct geographical environment  as the setting for many species of birds that are found nowhere else in Europe, and as the crossroads of the twice-annual migration between Europe and Africa.

The coastline of the Province of Cadíz benefits from the close proximity to the main migration routes which are centred around the Strait of Gibraltar. The Strait offers the shortest crossing from Europe to the African continent and its legendary landmarks, the twin pillars of Hercules – the Rock of Gibraltar and Mount Abyla in Morocco are obvious to migrating birds and millions of birds pass over here on passage between the two continents.

Inland there are a great diversity of habitats that harbour a wide variety of migrant species that include rivers, reservoirs, wetlands , forests, mountains and areas of agricultural land.

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